Do you know the risks When it comes to energy commodities and associated futures contracts, the risks are often linked to the availability of supplies and storage. The most popular type of commodity ETFs are futures ETFs. These ETFs form a portfolio of futures, forward and swap contracts on the underlying commodities. The advantage of a future-based ETF is that the ETF does not incur any costs associated with holding and storing the underlying commodity
However, there are other risks that relate to the futures contracts themselves. Depending on how the ETF is structured, you may have annual income tax problems even though you don’t sell your stocks. A commodity ETF, which is structured like a partnership and owns futures contracts in commodities, offers its investors special tax rules. Each year, investors must report the ETF’s capital gains at a hybrid rate of long-term gains of 60% and short-term gains
This applies regardless of the ETF’s actual distributions. Investors can also earn interest income from ETFs. Futures contract ETFs provide investors with a Schedule K-1 instead of a Form 1099, which shows the capital gains allocated to them each year. Gold futures are standardized, exchange-traded contracts in which the contract buyer agrees to receive a specific amount of gold from the seller at a fixed price on a
future delivery date.
Gold futures offer companies operating in the precious metals sector the opportunity to hedge their gold price risk in the event of an expected future purchase or sale of gold. They also enable investors to participate in a simple and convenient alternative to traditional forms of investment in gold. Gold can be seen as the ultimate store of value. Buying gold futures contracts as inflation
protection could be their primary use.
The liquidity of the gold futures contract often makes it easier to seize opportunities in almost all market conditions. Gold futures are traded on the COMEX division of the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX). The standard contract size is 100 troy ounces, and two other smaller contracts are 50 and 10 troy ounces. The stock exchange regulates the delivery of gold to vaults in the New York area and may be subject to change by the stock exchange
Trading gold futures requires an account approved for trading futures. In a similar way, speculative investors and traders can use gold futures to participate in the markets without the material being physically hedged and to express investor sentiment about the future price of gold